Presentation & Interaction on History of Psychology in Nepal

A video of my research presentation on ‘Historical Development of Psychology in Nepal’in the workshop on ‘State of Psychology in Nepal’ jointly organized by Martin Chautari (MC) and Central Association of Psychology Students (CAPS), Tribhuvan University on 12 February 2012 (29 Magh 2068).


Thanks to Susheel Gurung for video courtesy.


Trip to Kalinchowk

As always travelling is full of fun and fatigue but in the end, it refreshes mind, body and soul.

This time we (me and 2 of my friends) visited Kalinchowk (Kuri) in Dolakha. it was a short trip of just 3 days (5-7 Nov). The journey was tough but tempting to feel close to the nature. the weather was very foggy so, we missed the view of mountains from the top. snowfall was wonderful on my birthday!

I would like to share some of the pictures taken by me and my friend Sanjeev Prajapati.


Central Association of Psychology Students Committee 2011

The new working committee of CAPS has been reformed in a formal program organised in Tribhuvan University on 27 February 2011. The student representatives have been be nominated to reform CAPS committee on the basis of their commitment and genuine interest to work collectively for welfare of psychology students in the university.

We would like to thank respected teachers and fellow students for attending the program.

The information about the past and new committee (see attached file: caps-committee-2010+11.pdf). Below, you can read the full text of the speech given by the new president in the program.

Speech for Central Association of Psychology Students Committee Reformation Program

Sujen Man Maharjan, MA

Tribhuvan University, Nepal

President, Central Association of Psychology Students (2011)

February 27, 2011

Kathmandu, Nepal

Honorable Head of the Department Dr. Shishir Subba (absent), respected teachers Dr. Rita Shrestha, Dr. Nandita Sharma, Sumaya Rai and Sanjesh Shrestha, friends and fellow students, I am delighted to be with you here today in the program to announce the reformation of working committee of Central Association of Psychology Students (CAPS) for the year 2011. Central Association of Psychology Students (CAPS) is an academic student council supported by Central Department of Psychology, Tribhuvan University.

First of all, I would like to express my gratitude towards all the members of CAPS who have worked very hard and supported for its continuation, esp. Ms. Renu Shakya, Mr. Shyam Sundar Shrestha and Ms. Bunty Shrestha. In the past year, we were able to conduct some programs such as:

  • PsychWeb 2.0 Training
  • Pre-World Mental Health Day Program
  • Psychology and Mass media
  • Creative Studio Art and Narrative Therapy workshop

For most of the students, this is the highest level of academic pursuit as a psychology student. After finishing our studies and getting the degree in MA, we are going to serve as professionals in the field of psychology. The scope of psychology in Nepal has widened largely in recent years, ranging from teaching (academic work) to development activities (engagement in I/NGOs). Though it has been over 3 decades now, the department of psychology was started in Tribhuvan University, psychology has not been able to make considerable progress. It is bitter but undeniable truth for all of us that the pace of growth has been erratically slow and development is lagging behind. This has resulted in frustration and distraction for many students. However, I am hopeful that the time has come to work for the positive changes and sustainable development of our field but it will take many more years to come to notice remarkable changes.

I would like to appreciate the efforts made by Professor Shishir Subba, head of the department which has brought some positive changes to the ways and traditions of our department. He has introduced and encouraged the use of new technology and ways for learning. I would like to thank him personally as well as from the students’ side. The leadership has now come to the second generation of Nepalese psychologists who are bright, intelligent and have a lot of experiences. It is my hope that they will help the young students in their academic and professional training to produce the competent human resource for the field of psychology in Nepal. I would like to emphasize a need for Collective Efficacy among psychology students, teachers, and professionals. I would like to call upon all the psychology students for their participation in the development of collective efficacy through CAPS on the student level.

Psychologist Albert Bandura (1997) asserted that the personal efficacy beliefs people hold play an important role in their functioning and goal-oriented behavior. Bandura also recognized that individuals do not work alone as social isolates, and therefore people form beliefs about the collective capabilities of the group(s) to which they belong. He defined perceived collective efficacy as “a group’s shared belief in its conjoint capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given levels of attainments”. Bandura contended that, similar to self-efficacy, collective efficacy beliefs affect group performance and cohesiveness.

There is a long way to go. The journey will be successful only if we cooperate with one another. In the context of Nepal as a developing country, naturally there are limited resources and opportunities. As a result, there is a tendency to compete aggressively and fight over them. But rather than only focusing upon limited resources, we need to broaden our mindset and must think constructively and create new sources of opportunities for this field. It is possible to create more opportunities through cooperation and collaboration on the national and international level. Let’s take my own example, I am engaged as a co-investigator in a cross-cultural study on teacher engagement in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) framework with Robert Klassen, educational psychologist from University of Alberta, Canada. Healthy competition can always be helpful and a source of motivation but we have often seen in our culture, competition leading to discrimination and stagnation. Barbara L. Fredrickson (2001) in Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions states that the purpose of positive emotions is to broaden our permanent intellectual, physical and social resources, thereby building up reserves we can draw upon when a threat or opportunity arises. When we in a positive mood, others like us better, we are hopeful and open to new ideas and experiences. When we are filled with negative emotions, these things are less likely to happen. According to Fredrickson (University of Michigan) and her colleagues, there is a critical positivity ratio of roughly 3-to-1 (positive emotions over negative ones) that is necessary if we want to flourish at any point in our lives. Think of it like a recipe — three parts joy/love/courage to one part irritation.

CAPS as an academic student council is committed to work for the welfare of the students in the university. CAPS shall be active and conduct activities that will be beneficial for students. There is also good news, we are going to open and extend membership to interested psychology students studying in Bachelor and Intermediate levels. I hope this will be help to promote the development of collective efficacy beliefs among psychology students. I would like to congratulate the representatives who have been nominated to reform the new committee for 2011. I am absolutely delighted to be a part of CAPS!

Thank you very much.

Some Files:



Presentation on Positive Mental Health


Click Full screen & view it large.

This was the presentation I did in the yesterday’s program. With the upcoming World Mental Health Day on Oct 10, a lot of people in the next few days will be talking and discussing about mental health but being focused upon mental disorders and their solutions. I wanted to highlight the taken-for-granted aspect of mental health. We seem to be obsessed with just the fixing problems ignoring what is right & working and making it better.

“Psychological science and practice has to be as concerned with strength as with weakness; as interested in building the best things in life as in repairing the worst; and as concerned with making  the lives of normal people fulfilling as with healing pathology”.
(Christopher Peterson, 2008 in The Good Life {psychology today blog})


CAPS’ Event on the context of upcoming World Mental Health Day

Wednesday, 06 October, 2010.

Central Association of Psychology Students (CAPS) in support with Central Department of Psychology, Tribhuvan University and Psychology Network organised an event on the occasion of upcoming World Mental Health Day and Dashain & Tihar festival. The event took place in Center for Nepalese and Asian Studies (CNAS) seminar hall.

The program included welcome speech by Renu Shakya, President of CAPS, teachers’ wishes exchange speech by Sumaya Rai, Sandesh Dhakal, and Sanjesh Shrestha. The representative from CPSSC Sabitra Neupane and former active CAPS member Rocky Maharjan also expressed their wishes. Following that, there were presentations by professor Shishir Subba on Mental Health in Nepal, Sujen Man Maharjan on Positive Mental Health (Some Research Findings) and by Netra Kumari Neupane on PTSD. The short recreational activity was conducted by Shyam Sundar Shrestha, Secretary of CAPS before the students’ presentations (Sujen and Netra Kumari). The short break helped to refresh the minds of the participants. The refreshments and additional break was taken after the presentations. Before the closing of the program, the documentary titled “Journey of Recovery” was shown.

Finally, we did the round of self-introduction of participants and received some feedback on the program. Most of them said that it would have been better if more teachers and students from the department were present in the program. Time management was another main issue, the time period planned for the program was only about 2 hours but it took more than 3 hours to complete the whole program. Some participants thought it would have been good if some professionals who are active in the field of psychology and mental health were invited and given an opportunity to share their work experiences and knowledge. Besides that, the participants expressed their gladness for organising the program and commitment for participation in future programs.

We would like to thank all the participants, teachers and staffs from Central Department of Psychology for attending the program. Special thanks go to Shishir Subba Sir, Head of the Department and CPSSC for providing some financial support to CAPS for organizing the program.

Sujen Man Maharjan,
Vice President, CAPS,
Tribhuvan University.



06 oct handout (Handout distributed to participants)

Positive Mental Health 2010 slides (Slides of my presentation)

This was the documentary shown in the program: